After many years of frustration with the political system in Nigeria I wanted to investigate the issues with democracy. Democracy, as described by Abraham Lincoln is a government of the people, by the people and for the people.
In order to work, a representative democracy, requires a system of institutions, the constitution and the law. The constitution is a set of rules written or unwritten, that will show how an election will be conducted and the rights and responsibility of all citizens of the country.
The vote is a tool that is used by every legitimate citizen of a certain age to elect a new president or prime minister and office for the new administration. A vote that can change the course of a country’s development. This why it is important that the populous is educated in civics and how politics works, not only that, but the electorate should have to be made up of responsible human beings, so that the most capable and skilled president is chosen not the most popular person.
Democracy is perhaps not best form of government, but relatively it is the best choice, so the flaws have to be brought out and corrected.
I think neither the majority nor the minority should rule but those people who have all the great skill that being a president requires.
My solutions to the problem of democracy in many countries are as follows.
- Voters should be educated on issues they are voting for and the same for their representatives.My reasons for this are that a large amount of voters could easily remain ignorant of a representatives true intentions, and so a demagogue could easily come to power in a country of low literacy.
- There needs to be better ways to limit the power of politicians, especially in developing countries. They shouldn’t be able to raise their own salaries, hire cronies and legislature on their retirements and so on. Above all they should not have the power to lead countries into financial ruin, due to sheer ignorance.
- Voting should never be mandatory.
- Politics should not be a fulltime job or even a career and politicians should only work in their political roles for a few years, before returning to their normal lives. However before being able to serve they must pass a test to demonstrate basic proficiency in a number of subjects related to their future work.
My interest in this topic was prompted by book Intelligence for the 21st Century: A middle way between West and East, by Nicolas Bergruen. I was also inspired by a YouTube channel called the (School of Life), here’s a link to the video, Why Socrates hated democracy.